Fassbinder Oxford: Blackwell, , Thomas Elsaesser, "Working on the Margins," T. Elsaesser ed. Froelich eds. Thomas Elsaesser, "German Cinema in the s", in T. Wedel eds. Kardish ed. Thomas Elsaesser, "Fassbinder," John Wakeman, ed. Wilson, Haberl eds. Wickham, B. Murray, eds. Thomas Elsaesser, "Dimendicando Fassbinder? Spagnoletti ed. Fassbinder London, BFI, ; Corrigan, ed.
Rosen, ed. Scherpe, eds. Hayward, ed. Thomas Elsaesser, "Fassbinder's Germany," J. Rheuban, ed. Thomas Elsaesser, " Cinema in the Service of Television? Thomas Elsaesser, Terror und Trauma. Belau and P. Ramadanovic eds. Dillmann et al eds , Die Vergangenheit in der Gegenwart. Sobchack ed. Friedmann, N.
King, A. Lopez, M. Alvarado eds. Toffetti eds. Moskow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, , Benoliel, M. Manoni eds. Le cinema expressioniste allemand Paris: Cinematheque francaise, , Cerisuelo ed. Thomas Elsaesser, " Dotzler eds. Krenn, A. Loacker eds. Eisenschitz, M. Jung, W. Schatzberg eds. Saur Verlag, Cargnelli and M. Omasta, Schatten. Exil Vienna: PVS, Thomas Elsaesser, "La Ufa," G. Spagnoletti ed , Schermi Germanici Venezia: Marsilio, Muscio ed. Thomas Elsaesser, "Lulu und der Stromableser," B. Riff, G. Schlemmer, E. Wiesmayr eds.
Bock, C. Lenssen eds. Joe May Munich: text und kritik, Dyer, G. Vincendeau eds. Thomas Elsaesser, "Pandora's Box," R. Rentschler, ed. Geburtstag,' Arcadia vol 38, no 2 , Thomas Elsaesser [with M. Thomas Elsaesser, "Loulou et le releveur des compteurs. I know that the magazine does not send mail at home, unless it is an issue of the magazine purchased with a regular subscription.
Most of my mail is usually delivered can be divided into two categories. The first category includes the weekly letters that my girlfriend receives from the cosmetics shop in the mall.
In those letters are proposed to my girlfriend big rebates on all products. Products that cost up to twenty euros the previous week are offered at twenty cents. Every time my girlfriend searches inside the mailbox and recognizes one of the letters of the cosmetics shop his eyes shine with a bright light, a light that does not happen to see me often and I remember the light that was in his eyes in the days of the first week we met. All other letters are delivered to my house, that is the letters that belong to the second category, are payment notices or notices of payment due.
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E the Internet. The Internet is the source of knowledge for an increasingly large amount of people who know nothing, or who know little, or who would like to know everything. I admit that one of the most direct ways in which I was able to read the contents of the magazine was read the stories present on the website of the magazine. I am also a follower of the internet profile of the journal found on Twitter and then, during a summer night, I read about this contest.
At this point, after having explained how I came to the attention of the magazine, it is necessary for me to describe what happened today. During the afternoon I and a friend of mine had an important business meeting. Me and my colleague have founded a company that deals with facilitating the exchange of news and information between large companies and the public.
What we needed after a year of activity, it was a good contact with new companies. After several studies we finally managed to get a good contact with an important man that we would receive and that we could address to other companies just as important. We were both received by the director of a company in which we have made an interesting business proposition. In our country, Italy, you are considered a young author until you reach the age of fifty years.
Similarly, you are considered a young entrepreneur when you have not yet reached the same age. Italy is not a country for young people. This argument works with everything except that with the crimes. Even without industry. In the meeting of work me and my friend had to convince the entrepreneur that we would have received that was worth investing the money on our own ideas. Most guys our age, instead of running this business risk, with the summer temperature of forty degrees there in the office, they would rather go to the beach to sunbathe.
The choices I made in life are right? Why I decided that I would never teach in a school despite my degree with honors in philosophy? Why I left my last job and I preferred to stay in this city with my girlfriend and my dog rather than moving to a new city and earn more money, to live without a dog without a girlfriend? I love this country. And I love writing. I wrote this story for the good of my country.
Every writer should always have great objectives in front of him. I asked for a hint to my dog, I always ask for a hint to my dog before embarking on something new. My dog is a cross between a jack russell and another. I say that my dog is a cross instead of white because it is brindle. No response. If the dog had been standing since it meant that I would have done well. If my dog was gone, then I would have stripped and instead of writing I had a shower.
That was the year he met his life partner, Judith Malina. They founded the Living Theatre together in , and for the next forty years staged experimental plays which left a profound and lasting mark on twentieth-century Western culture. He went on to develop his artistic talent principally in the field of set design, for which he gained international recognition.
The three premises occupied by the Living Theatre in New York from to were home to twenty-nine shows, some of which were directed by Julian, who designed all the sets, lighting and costumes, and he appeared on stage in most of them. With the enthusiastic support of prominent figures from the world of entertainment, such as John Cage, Merce Cunningham, Jean Cocteau and Paul Goodman, the Living Theatre was a place of extreme freedom, which made it perfect for artists, poets, writers and activists to meet and share their work.
From onwards, the Living Theatre, in its third home on New York's 14th Street, stood out as the meeting place for the avant-garde, including beat generation poets, action painters, underground film makers and contemporary composers as well as cool jazz musicians. A pacifist anarchist, Julian Beck took part in civil disobedience protests leading to numerous arrests.
This event, repeated on two separate occasions, resulted in massive public demonstrations not only in New York and San Francisco, but also around Europe, such as the demonstration organised by Nobel Peace Prize winner, Bertrand Russell. The Strikes for Peace, organised from the premises of the Living Theatre, actively involved the majority of its members in the preparation of events that culminated in the opening of The Brig, a performance by former marine, Kenneth H.
Around this time, the Internal Revenue Service closed the Living Theatre down on the pretext of tax arrears, despite the fact that the Living Theatre was a not-for-profit company and therefore exempt from taxes. Julian and Judith ended up in court, ready to defend themselves in person, a gesture in keeping with the movement's position on civil rights at the time; they were sentenced to 60 and 30 days' in prison respectively, to be served at the New York Federal prison.
This provided the occasion for the entire company to choose the path of voluntary exile. After two European tours in and , the company was already known internationally as an expressive example of the new American theatre, the off-Broadway movement.
It had won a significant number of awards and had attracted much praise. When he returned to Europe in , he was warmly welcomed by the public in several countries, where his counter-culture and the example he set were much appreciated. Julian and Judith were already well known for their bold statements on both art and politics, underlined by the more daring aspects of their productions, which became subjects of debate, but were also highly acclaimed.
Julian and Judith had shared a dream since the nineteen-fifties, namely a company that would endeavour to do everything necessary to build up a repertoire of performances, doing away, in true anarchic spirit, with both producer and director. This was a dream that would only come true during their European exile. It was during their travels from country to country between and that the company developed its tribal identity. They became nomads: a group of artists open to the public, seeking to elicit a spark of political awareness.
The first, and varied, works created by its members, Mysteries and Smaller Pieces , Frankenstein and Paradise Now , conferred upon the Living Theatre an important role as innovators in contemporary western theatre. Beck's poetry played an important part in the formation of these collective creations. His first book of poems - Songs of the Revolution - came out in New York in New editions of this series of poems appeared with the same title, and Julian would keep on writing them for the rest of his life in English, French, German and Dutch.
He would continue to do so throughout the sixties, seventies and eighties. After a year of experimental street theatre in Brazil in , leading to his arrest and the expulsion of the Living Theatre by the military regime, Julian returned to the US and published The Life of the Theatre, recently republished by Limelight Editions.
It has also been published in Italian, Spanish, French, and Greek editions. Working in close contact with workers, students, artists and activists, the Living Theatre continued its activities in the United States until when it returned to Europe at the invitation of the Venice Biennale. Performing in the street and in unconventional environments, and working with theatre festivals and alternative cultural circles, the Living Theatre once more became an itinerant group, touring the whole of Western and Eastern Europe until Its activities, all bearing the hallmark of political commitment, resulted in the production of more than 30 shows in different styles and of varying length.
He was also meant to appear at the Venice Biennale, that September. Julian left a manuscript on the metaphysics of the theatre, titled Theandric, for which he had been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship the book was published in London by Harwood Academic Publishers in , as well as The Last Songs of the Revolution, and a large number of writings that go to form what he called his Workbooks.
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Many of his paintings were shown at the Venice Biennale in an exhibition curated by Arturo Schwartz in After receiving numerous awards for his accomplishments in the theatre, including the Grand Prix of the Theatre of Nations, the New York Newspaper Guild's Page One Award, the Brandois University Creative Arts Citation and half a dozen Obies, Julian Beck left the cultural scene as an artist of extraordinary achievement and exemplary integrity, and the work he produced in the course of his lifetime has inspired generations of viewers and readers around the world.
Shozo Shimamoto was born in Osaka, Japan, in Together with Jiro Yoshihara, he was co-founder of the Gutai group, and he is considered one of the most experimental artists in the period after World War II. Gutai, the first radical artistic movement in Japan, developed in the late fifties, more or less contemporary with the informal movement in European and American art. Its main aim was to give new life to the Japanese artistic tradition. A work of art, for them, was no longer a simple support, but became a physical transposition of the artist's actions, which is what like in action painting turns the work of art into an action.
Shimamoto, a pivotal figure in the movement, felt the need for new signs of expression that he found both in action and matter. The first artistic experiments, the Ana holes , which date back to the forties, consist of a series of sheets of paper covered with a layer of white paint. Shimamoto would rub his body against them to make gashes. After a period of assiduous study with Yoshihara, in he and his teacher jointly decided to found the Gutai group - The Concrete Art Movement.
When, in the pine forest in Ashiya, the group officially appeared in public for the first time in , Shimamoto presented a sheet of metal painted white on one side and blue on the other. In the dark, all the perforations created the effect of a starry sky thanks to a lamp shining onto it. These first experiments were followed by Please walk on here , a wooden walkway mounted on a spring system which allowed the user to actively experience the existential precariousness of walking, and Cannon Work, where paint was fired onto a canvas from a small cannon.
This was the first of his works dedicated to the liberation of the random expressiveness of matter. Shortly afterwards, Shimamoto developed the bottle crash technique, a practice consisting in throwing bottles full of paint onto a canvas. The work of art becomes the result of a relational process between action and matter, between action and colour, whose leitmotif is randomness, and the artist is an actor and interpreter of a performative action shared with the audience, a witness and completion of the scenario of colour built up by the artist. In , he took part in his first exhibition, "Gutai Art on the Stage" at the Sankei Center in Osaka, where he exhibited his video and sound works.
In , the Gutai Group broke up after the death of Yoshihara, and Shimamoto began exploring Mail Art, an avant-garde practice consisting in sending letters, postcards, envelopes and the like, raised to the level of art through ad hoc modifications and delivered to one or more recipients by post. Shimamoto formed his own vision of Mail Art: his shaved head became the medium on which to write, paint, or affix objects. In the Dallas Museum invited him to celebrate the centenary of the birth of Duchamp. His performance consisted in projecting messages of peace and film clips onto his head.
In the nineties he took up the Bottle Crash technique once more, endowing it with new meanings. He put on a series of performances in the US and throughout Europe. In , he did a performance from a helicopter in anticipation of the forthcoming Venice Biennale. Among the many collections where his works can be seen, of particular note are the Tate Gallery, the Pompidou Centre, and the Galleria di Arte Moderna in Rome, as well as almost all the Japanese galleries.
He died in Osaka in Volo di Ritorno, Torre di Guevara, Ischia. Pisani was born in Bari in A cultured, complex and enigmatic artist, he loved to say that he was the son of a naval officer and a striptease artist from Ischia, building up a story that lay somewhere between truth and invention. This oscillation between two poles would be an Ariadne's thread in the boundless labyrinth of art history that he drew upon in order to demolish things and then give them new meanings.
Pisani's endless artistic journey retraces real and imaginary episodes in the personal and collective unconscious, touching on key points of history and art, reinterpreting Duchamp and his image-conversion mechanism to obtain a new reading of art itself. Combining sculpture, installation, photography and performance, Vettor Pisani builds dreamlike places populated by virgins, sphinxes, puppets, bachelor machines, dolls, statues, and islands of the dead, which together symbolize the universe of individual neuroses, the private theatre of humanity with no illusions.
In , he held his first solo exhibition in Rome at the Galleria La Salita, entitled Maschile, femminile e androgino. Incesto e cannibalismo in Marcel Duchamp Incest and cannibalism in Marcel Duchamp , where he presented Suzanne in uno stampo di cioccolato, a chocolate female head over which hangs a small barbell, and Carne umana macinata, minced meat wrapped in clear plastic and left to rot. In , accompanied by his wife, Mimma, a poet and author with whom he has been associated from the start, Pisani was invited to Documenta 5 in Kassel, where he presented his performance Lo Scorrevole.
These were the years of Fellini's Rome and Pasolini's suburbs; the years when artists were beginning to emerge from the traditional settings of art and when Pisani strengthened his association with Gino De Dominicis, sharing his interest in the invisible and the supernatural. In , the Sperone Gallery in Rome was the setting for his action Il coniglio non ama Joseph Beuys The rabbit dislikes Joseph Beuys , offering a critical reflection on the poetics of the German artist, a satire of the manly courage demonstrated by Beuys in in his performance I like America and America likes me, in which the German artist had spent two days locked in a cage with a coyote.
Pisani stages, as though at the theatre, complex situations that mix references to the past and portions of reality, where the effigy of art in life and vice versa is consumed in the presence of the remains of History. In he went on show at the exhibition Pittura italiana da Collezioni Italiane at the Castello di Rivoli. In the same year, he returned to his native island, Ischia, and with the Fondazione Morra put on an exhibition Nostalgia.
Volo di ritorno. In he held a personal exhibition, Apocalypse now, in Naples. It would be his latest exhibition. Casa Morra. Allocate 5x to Fondazione Morra. History Staff Where Donations 5x Press Review. Newsletter Fondazione Morra. An opportunity for 15 young aged people between 18 and 29 with interest in and aspirations regarding the world of contemporary art. Introduction The Living Theatre founded by Judith Malina and Julian Beck in is one of the theatre groups that contributed most to shaping the identity of theatre in the second half of the twentieth century.
The archive The Fondazione Morra has acquired a substantial part of the Living Theatre Archives, a precious and unique testimony of their history. It contains dozens of chronologically organised folders, holding documents relating to the activity of the group, such as reviews, working notes, etc. This is, in itself, a unique compendium, consisting, as it does, of original materials. Another part of the collection consists of hundreds of photographs documenting performances and video materials, including recordingsof shows from various sources, hitherto unreleased footage, and interviews.
These are essentialimages for the study of the performances that complement another particularly precious part of the collection: preparatory drawings, sketches, costumes and masks. In the past, the existence of these paintings was mostly known only on paper, as they had largely disappeared. The majority of these are, therefore, unpublished works of immense documentary value, but they also represent a unique opportunity to study another aspect of Beck's oeuvre, which has been totally overlooked until now. There are also a variety of items belonging to Judith Malina, including an extraordinary collection of postcardsand her unpublished personal writings.
Lo Scoiattolo e il Graal Intro. Vigna San Martino. Museo Hermann Nitsch.
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